Turkish Journal of Pediatric Surgery


The journal accepts manuscripts in the following categories: original article, randomized clinical trial, review, systematic review, meta-analysis, guideline, letter to the editor and invited commentary

1) Original Article

Original research articles are preferred for publication and should be in the format of Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion. Original articles must include a structured abstract of up to 250 words. The abstract itself should include Introduction, Methods, Results and Conclusion as the subheadings. The text of the manuscript should not be less than 5,000 words  and 50 references.

Manuscripts on operative techniques should be submitted as original research articles. These manuscripts should focus on novel or innovative approaches to established or new surgical approaches.

2) Case report

The abstract should be non-structured without any subheadings. It should not exceed 200 words and should briefly outline the content of the article.

Maximum of six keywords should be presented following the abstract.  

Then the manuscript should contain the following subheadings: Case Report, Discussion, and Conclusion.

3) Reviews, Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analyses

Reviews, Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analyses must include a structured abstract of maximum 250 words, and should not exceed 4,000 words of text, 75 references and the combined number of 6 tables and figures.

4)  Letters to the Editor

Letters from readers who wish to comment on articles published in the Turkish Journal of Pediatric Surgery are accepted. A Letter to the Editor must include a structured abstract of maximum 250 words and should not exceed 1,000 words of text.    


  1. Write your article using the Microsoft Word template available in the system.
  2. The manuscripts should be written in American English.
  3. The font should be Times New Roman.
  4. The font size should be "10".
  5. The text should be justified.
  6. Do not copy and paste as much as possible in order not to disturb the structure of the template.
  7. If you are going to use copy and paste, paste the text as "plain text".
  8. Use your word processor's 'spelling' and 'grammar check' functions to avoid unnecessary mistakes.
  9. Please clearly distinguish the hierarchy of headings within the manuscript by using capital letters, underline, italic, and bold styles as necessary.
  10. As needed, use italic, superscripts, subscripts, and boldface, but otherwise do not use multiple fonts and font sizes.
  11. Do not insert page or section breaks except where noted in the Author Instructions. Do not justify your text.
  12. Use only one space after a period and a comma.
  13. Create tables using the Table function in Microsoft Word. Use as simple table structure as possible.
  14. Insert tables, pictures, photos or figures into the text. Submit them as a separate file as well.
  15. Keep abbreviations to a minimum and be sure to explain all of them the first time they are used in the text.
  16. Use Système International (SI) units for measurements.
  17. Use generic names for drugs. You may cite proprietary names in parentheses along with the name and location of the manufacturer.
  18. The company name and primary location of the manufacturers of equipment and other branded materials mentioned in the manuscript should be written in parentheses.
  19. Permission should be obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet).
  20. The manuscript should be 'spell-checked' and 'grammar-checked'. Authors who feel that their articles in English may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and adhere to correct scientific English should make use of English Editing Services.


The manuscript should be organized as follows: Title page, Body of the paper (Abstract with Key words, Abbreviations, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References).


The title page must be provided for all submissions regardless of the type of manuscript being submitted. The title page should include the following: the article title and the corresponding author’s full name, degree, title, department, affiliation, mailing address, e-mail address, and telephone numbers. It should also list the full name, degree, title, department, and affiliation of every co-author.         

1) Title. It should be concise and informative.  Avoid abbreviations and formulae.

2) Author names and affiliations. Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. Provide ORCID numbers of each author after the author names. You can add your name between parentheses in your own script behind the English transliteration. Place the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name.

3) Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.

4) Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

5) Category of the manuscript. Please indicate the category in which the manuscript is being submitted (original article, case report, reviews, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, letter to the editor).

6) Financial support statement. If there is financial support, explain it. If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence: This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.


Article title

Capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title. Write the rest of the title in lowercase, except for proper names. Do not underline the title or use italics.


The abstract should briefly outline the content of the article and any conclusions it may reach. For original articles, it should be structured as follows: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions.

A structured abstract of up to 250 words should provide the context or background for the research and should state its purpose, basic procedures (selection of study subjects or laboratory animals, observational and analytical methods), main findings (giving specific effect sizes and their statistical significance, if possible), and principal conclusions. It should emphasize new and important aspects of the study or observations.


The keywords should be the words a reader would be likely to use in searching for the content of the article.

Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords.

Avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts. (for example, 'and', 'of').

Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible.


All authors must have an ORCID number. To obtain this number authors can consult the https://orcid.org/register web page.


The abbreviations used in the manuscript must be defined at their first mention. This applies to the entire body of the manuscript, figures and tables.


Highlights about your paper are now required as they increase the discoverability of your article via search engines and provide a snapshot about your manuscript to the reader. There should be two Bullet Points:

  1. What is currently known about this topic?
  2. What new information is contained in this article?

Within each of the two Bullet Points, there should be one or two sentences answering these two questions.                           

Graphical Abstract

Graphical abstracts are optional yet strongly encouraged and should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a wide readership online. Authors should provide images that clearly represent the work described in the article. Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in the online submission system. Graphical abstracts should be provided as an image with a minimum of 500X500 pixels (h:w) using a minimum resolution of 600 dpi. If you are submitting a larger image, then please use the same ratio.  


State the objectives/hypothesis of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.


Provide details of ethical/institutional approval, selection of patients and controls, study design, analytical methods and statistics. Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.                                                


Results should be clear and concise. Avoid repeating the information provided in tables and figures.  


Create the tables in MS Word. No tab, space or colors should be used. Tables should include a table number, title (in bold), table legend, and if necessary, footnotes (including any abbreviations).  Tables should be placed in the appropriate place in the text. In addition, each table must be provided in a separate file.

Tables should be cited in the text. Data given in tables should be commented on but not repeated in the text.

Any abbreviations used in the table should be explained at the end of the table in a footnote.

If a table contains artwork, supply the artwork separately as a digital file.

For tables borrowed or adapted from another publication (used with permission), add a credit line as the first footnote beneath each table. This credit line should be a complete bibliographical listing of the source publication (as a reference), or other credit line as supplied by the copyright holder. For example, “Reprinted with permission from Calfee DR, Wispelwey B. Brain abscess. Semin Neurol 2000; 20:357.” (“Data from . . .”or “Adapted from . . .” may also be used, as appropriate.)

Figures captions

Figures include photographs or radiographs, illustrations, drawings, graphs, bar charts, flow charts, and pathways, but not lists or tables.

Figures must be cited sequentially in the text. Figure captions should include a description of the figure and/or each lettered part (A, B, etc.) and of any portions of the figure highlighted by arrows, arrowheads, asterisks, etc.

For a figure borrowed or adapted from another publication (used with permission), add a credit line in parentheses at the end of each figure legend. This credit line should be a complete bibliographic listing of the source publication (as a reference), or other credit line as supplied by the copyright holder. For example (Reprinted with permission from Calfee DR, Wispelwey B. Brain abscess. Semin Neurol 2000; 20:357.).

Figures must be submitted electronic format as a separate file.  

Gray scale and color images must be GIF or WebP, at least 600 DPI.

The uniform font format and size on the pictures should be used.

Figure legends

Provide captions to figures separately.  Each figure legend should have a brief overarching title (in bold with figure number) that describes the entire figure without citing specific panels, followed by a description of each panel, and the symbols used. Enough information should be provided in the figure legend text to permit interpretation of figures without reference to the text, but should not contain any details of methods, or exceed 100 words. The statistical test used as well as the values of statistical significance (whether significant or not) should always be included in the figure legends.

The abbreviated word for figure "Fig." should be typed and bolded, followed by the figure number and a period (i.e., "Fig. 1."). Every figure legend should have a title written in bold. If a figure contains multiple sections (i.e., A, B, C, D), the letter for these subsections should be in capital letters, and should be surrounded by parenthesis [i.e., (A)(B)(C)(D)]. Figures should be numbered according to the order in which they were cited.


The preferred format for video submissions is MP4 or WebM.

Please include a descriptive legend at the end of your main document, which will be published together with a link to your video.  


This should explore the significance of the results of the work and it should, not repeat them. Limitations of the study should be addressed. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature not directly related to the current findings.


Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references.

The source of any financial support received for the work being published should be indicated at the end of the article, just before the Reference section, under the heading Acknowledgments.

List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proofreading the article, etc.). 

Conflict of Interest

All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other individuals or organizations that may improperly influence (bias) their work.                   

Such conflicts might include, but are not limited to, shareholding in or receipt of a grant or consultancy fee from a company whose product features in the submitted manuscript or which manufactures a competing product.

If the article is accepted for publication, this information will be published with the paper.

Types of conflicts include: Consulting, Royalties, Research Support, Institutional Support, Ownership, Stock/Options, Speakers Bureau, and Fellowship Support. Any commercial entity, whose products are described, reviewed, evaluated, or compared in the manuscript, except for those disclosed in the Acknowledgments section, are potential conflicts.

Authors should state their conflict of interest on the title page and in the article file.  

If there is no conflict of interest to be declared, please state: 'The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.'.

Authors must also sign a separate "declaration of interest form".


References should be arranged according to the Vancouver reference style. 

References should be the most recent and pertinent literature available. Please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. It is essential that they are complete and thoroughly checked.

Check the reference details against the actual source - you are indicating that you have read a source when you cite it.

Be consistent with your referencing style across the document.

The references should be numbered according to the same order that they were cited in the text. Reference numbers should be placed as superscript in parenthesis in order of use in the manuscript.

Citing more than one reference at a time:

The preferred method is to list each reference number separated by a comma, or by a dash for a sequence of consecutive numbers. There should be no spaces between commas or dashes. As an example, see the following:  (1,5,6-8)

Citing secondary sources:

Referencing a source from a secondary source is generally discouraged since authors are expected to have examined the works they cite. If possible, find the primary source, read it, and cite it directly rather than citing a secondary source.

However, it is not always possible to obtain the original publication. Cite secondary sources sparingly—for instance, when the original work is out of print, unavailable, or available only in a language that you do not understand. It is considered plagiarism to cite a work that you have not read.

However, if it's impossible to access the original article, you may cite the secondary source.


...according to Cauley(1) as cited by Acheson, bone density is directly linked to risks of fractures.

In Reference List:

  1. Cauley JA, Lui L-Y, Ensrud KE, et al. Osteoporosis and fracture risk in women of different ethnic groups. JAMA. 2005;293(17):2102-2108. Cited by: Acheson LS. Bone density and the risk of fractures: should treatment thresholds vary by race [editorial]? JAMA. 2005;293(17):2151-2154.            


Prazar quotes Kato et al.(2) explain new treatments in medical practice describing....

In Reference List:

  1. Kato S, Sherman PM. What is new related to Helicobacter pylori infection in children and teenagers? Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2005;159(5):415-421. Quoted by: Prazar G. How many pediatricians does it take to change a practice? or how to incorporate change into practice [editorial]. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2005;159(5):500-502.

Reference List                                     

References are listed in numerical order, and in the same order in which they are cited in text. The reference list should include all and only those references you have cited in the text. 

Use Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9).

Authors names should be listed separately up till 6. 

For references with more than 6 authors, only the first 3 should be listed, followed by 'et al.' 

Abbreviate journal titles in the style used in the NLM Catalog.                    

Use the shortened form for last page number (e.g., 51-9).

There should be no spaces between commas or dashes.

For example: (1,5,6-8)

Do not use Bold, Italic, or Underlined font in any part of the reference.

Use of the DOI is highly encouraged. A DOI is guaranteed never to change, so you can use it as a permanent link to any electronic article.

The citation format should be the same for each article. 

Manuscript Reference Format
Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD. Manuscript title. Journal abbreviation. Publication year; Volume number (number); Page numbers
Petiti DB, Crooks VC, Buckwalter JG, Chiu V. Blood pressure levels before dementia. Arch Neurol. 2005 Jan;62(1):112-6.

Electronically Submitted Manuscript Reference Format
Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD. Manuscript title. Abreviated internet journal title [Internet]. Publication year, month, Volume number (number); Page numbers. Available from URL (web adress) ve DOI (Digital object identifier)

Kanneganti P, Harris JD, Brophy RH, Carey IL. The effect of smoking on ligament and cartilage surgery in the knee. Am J Sports Med [Internet]. 2012 Dec;40(12):2872-8. Available from:
http://ajs.sagepub.com/content/40/122872 DOI:10.1177/0363546512458223

Textbook Reference Format
Author AA, Author BB. Name of Textbook. Edition number. Publication location, Publisher, Publication year, Page number.
Carlson BM. Human embryology and developmental biology. 4th ed. St Louis: Mosby; 2009. p.541.

Book Chapter Reference Format
Author AA, Author BB. Chapter name. In: Editor AA, Editor BB, editors. Name of Textbook. Edition number. Publication location, Publisher, Publication year, First and last Page numbers of chapter.
Blaxter PS, Farnsworth TP. Social health and class inequities. In: Carter C, Peel JR, editors. Equalities and inequalities in health. 2nd ed. London: Academic Press; 1976. p.165-78.


There are no submission charges to submit your manuscript to this journal. Upload the article file you prepared using the Microsoft Word template to the system. Please use https://journalpedsurg.org/submit to submit your article electronically.

Our online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files.

Always review your manuscript before submitting it. You may stop a submission at any phase and save it to submit later. After submission, you will receive a confirmation email. You can also check the status of your manuscript by logging in to the submission system. The Editors will inform you via email once a decision has been made.

All other correspondence should be emailed to editor@journalpedsurg.org

Revision Procedure

Should the editors decide that your article requires a revision, you will need to make the changes via a word-processing program and resubmit it electronically.

Log in to the submission system and find your article, which will be marked for revision.

You will also be provided space in which to respond to the reviewers’ and editors’ comments. Please be as specific as possible in your response.   

Page Proofs

Page proofs will be sent to you via email.

The proofs will be in a PDF and word file format.

Take this opportunity to check the typeset text for typographic and related errors.

Please be sure that when you submit your manuscript, it is accurate, complete, and final.


Once your article is accepted, it can be downloaded in pdf form from the web page.


Visit the journal web page to find the answers you need. Here you will find everything from Frequently Asked Questions to ways to get in touch.

You can also check the status of your submitted article or find out when your accepted article will be published.


Please contact the Editors with any questions: editor@journalpedsurg.org